Exponential growth in the global population is accompanied by an increased demand for food thereby putting a strain on limited global resources. This provides a challenge to the agricultural sector: to produce more food, with limited land available for cultivation, in a short period of time. Therefore, investing in pesticides appears to be the short-cut solution as it ensures productivity. However, there is a growing environmental awareness and a search for sustainable processes to enable a reduction in the use of pesticides on a global scale. It has been proven that excess use of pesticides is harmful to human health. The effects also have economic repercussions. Agriculture production laden with toxins affects not only the domestic market but also international markets via exports. Countries increasingly condemn the use of pesticides and consumers increasingly prefer to consume organic food than products grown with chemicals.
The “Analysis Program of Pesticide Residue in Food”, a project initiated in 2001 by Brazil’s National Health Surveillance Agency (ANVISA), measures the levels of pesticide residue in food samples.